Cited References

  • Barnett, Sarah. 2010. Listener article. February 27-March 5 2010 Vol 222 No 3642.;jsessionid=CB61D37452BCB31EE54D7FFE1EF8491D
  • Department of Conservation . Date Accessed 30th March, 2010
  • Department of Conservation Date Accessed 23 April, 2010
  • Hitchmough, R., and P. Cromarty. 2005. New Zealand Threat Classification System lists. Department of Conservation Threatened Species Occasional Publication 23, 210 p
  • Joy, M and McEwan, A. PowerPoint Presentation
  • Joy, Mike and McEwan, A. 2009. New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Newsletter, Number 48, August. ISSN 1178-6906 (online).
  • Ministry of Fisheries Eel Fact Sheet. June 2009.
  • Ministry of Fisheries – current statistics on the Eel Industry
  • Rutledge, Martin. Court Evidence given as Expert Witness. In the matter of an application by Majac Trust seeking a variation to the Buller Water Conservation Order 2001.
  • Potangaroa, Joseph. 2010. ‘Tuna Kuwharuwharu-The Longfin Eel: Facts, Threats and How to Help. ISBN 978-0-473-16583-3
  • Potangaroa, J. 2010. Personal Communication- 23 April 2010.
  • Safety Talk Magazine. 2008. ‘A Tuna Man’. Caleb Royal..February 2008, Vol 17, p 8-12.…/Safety%20Talk_feb%2008_vol%2017%20_2_.pdf
  • Te Ara Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
  • . Date Accessed 1st April 2010.

More Information/Further reading and useful links


  • New Zealand Freshwater Organisation:
  • NIWAs Atlas of Freshwater Species
  • River Environment Classification
  • National Waterways Project New Zealand
  • Ministry of Fisheries Fact Sheet, Oct 2008
  • Ministry of Fisheries Eel Fact sheet-
  • Browse Te Ara Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
  • Department of Conservation
  • Greater Wellington Regional Council

Further Documents/Publications Related to Longfin Eels

  • Barnett, S. 2010. ‘Why is DoC allowing commercial fishing of our threatened longfin eel?’, Listener article, February 27th March 2010, Vol 222 No 3642. View online at:;jsessionid=CB61D37452BCB31EE54D7FFE1EF8491D
  • Best, E. 1929. Fishing methods and devices of the Maori. Dominion Museum
  • Boubée, J. A. T., C. P. Mitchell, B. L. Chisnall, D. W. West, E. J. Bowman, and A.
  • Haro. 2001. Factors regulating the downstream migration of mature eels (Anguilla spp,) at Aniwhenua Dam, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 35:121-134.
  • Boubée, J.; Watene, E. (2002). Downstream eel migration. Aniwaniwa 20: 3.
  • Boubee, J. A. T. 2003. Project Aqua migrant fish protection measures. NIWA Client report: MEE01205, March 2003.
  • Burnet, A. M. R. 1952. Studies on the ecology of the New Zealand longfinned eel, Anguilla dieffenbachii Gray. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 3:32-63.
  • Carton, G. (2001). Do fish have feelings? Discovering how fish detect water flows. Water & Atmosphere 9(3): 10-11.
  • Graham, D.H.1956. A Treasury of New Zealand Fishes. Reed. Wellington. 404pp.
  • Graynoth, E.; Taylor, M.J. (2000). Influence of different rations and water temperatures on the growth rates of shortfinned and longfinned eels. Journal of Fish Biology 57: 681-699.
  • Graynoth, E.; Taylor, M.J. (2004). Growth of juvenile eels (Anguilla spp.) in lowland streams in New Zealand. Fisheries Research 66: 95-106.
  • Graynoth, E.; K. Niven 2004. Habitat for female longfinned eels in the West Coast and Southland, New Zealand. Science for Conservation 238. 33 p.
  • Graynoth, E. 2006. The long and the Short of It. Looking After the Needs of Native Eels. Details. Vol.14 No.2 – June 2006 . NIWA
  • Hitchmough, R. 2002 . New Zealand Threat Classification System lists 2002
  • Department of Conservation Threatened Species Occasional Publication 23, 210 p
  • Jellyman, D. J. 1977. Summer upstream migration of juvenile freshwater eels in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 11:61-71.
  • Jellyman, D. J. 1995. Longevity of longfinned eels Anguilla dieffenbachii in a New Zealand high country lake. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 4:106-112.
  • Jellyman, D. J. 1996. Diet of longfinned eels, Anguilla dieffenbachii, in Lake Rotoiti, Nelson Lakes, New Zealand . New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 1996, Vol 30: 365-369
  • Jellyman, D.J.; Bonnett, M.L.; Sykes, J.R.E.; Johnstone, P. (2003). Contrasting use of daytime habitat by two species of freshwater eel (Anguilla spp.) in New Zealand rivers. In: Dixon, D.A. (ed.). Biology, management and protection of catadromous eels. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland, pp. 63-78.
  • Jellyman, D. J. 2005 (in press) Forty years on – the impact of commercial fishing onstocks of New Zealand freshwater eels (Anguilla spp.). American Fisheries Society Symposium series.
  • Joy, Mike and McEwan, A. 2009. New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Newsletter, Number 48, August. ISSN 1178-6906. Online at
  • McDowall, R. M. 1990. New Zealand freshwater fishes: a natural history and guide. Auckland, Heinemann-Reed.
  • McDowall R.M and Suren A.M. 1995. Emigrating larvae of koaro, Galaxias brevipinnis Günther (Teleostei: Galaxiidae), from the Otira River, New Zealand.
  • New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 1995: Vol. 29: 271-275
  • Mitchell, C.P. 1995. Trapping the adult eel migration at Aniwhenua Power Station. Department of Conservation, 1996. Science for Conservation Series 37.
  • Newspaper Item appearing in “The Telegraph” Thursday, 02-Oct-2003 Eels sliding towards extinction by David Derbyshire .
  • Potangaroa, Joseph. 2010. ‘Tuna Kuwharuwharu-The Longfin Eel: Facts, Threats and How to Help. ISBN 978-0-473-16583-3.
  • Safety Talk Magazine. 2008. ‘A Tuna Man’. Caleb Royal..February 2008, Vol 17, p 8-12.…/Safety%20Talk_feb%2008_vol%2017%20_2_.pdf
  • Joy and McEwan. New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Newsletter, Number 48, August. ISSN 1178-6906 (online), p. 17

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